Área de conhecimento
Political Science/Political Economy of Development
Tema do projeto de pesquisa
When governments make dreams come true: The welfare and political effects of homeownership
Development; Housing; Impact Evaluation; Political Behavior
What are the welfare and political consequences of policies "that make dreams come true?" The analysis of the Brazilian program Minha Casa Minha Vida ("My Home, My Life", MCMV) is an excellent opportunity to discuss the welfare and political repercussions of an important and visible programmatic policy. Our study examines both the socioeconomic and political repercussions of the MCMV. We measure the consequences of families becoming homeowners on income from labor, access to credit, micro-entrepreneurship, children's educational performance, and self-reported health. The political repercussions of this type of policy are equally relevant. We measure the effects of becoming a beneficiary on political attitudes and support for the incumbent. As far as we know, this is the first evaluation of MCMV that takes advantage of the housing lotteries to implement a research design akin to randomized control trials. Our study will offer critical information to developing a more effective policy.
"Addressing our development challenges requires knowing which policies work, which do not work, and why. A major obstacle in any public policy evaluation is to parse out effects caused by the policy from other factors that are associated with policy interventions. While researchers in the sciences have been using experimental designs to deal this problem for many years, only recently have social scientists started to implement similar designs, such as randomized control trials (RCTs).
Many countries are starting to make extensive use of RCTs to evaluate their social policies. Brazil still lags behind. While several researchers and policy makers are interested in this type of work, we lack institutions and proper incentives to conduct rigorous policy evaluation (in both analyzing existing programs and developing pilot ones). Thus, there are opportunities for researchers to collaborate towards developing institutions and programs focused on using RCTs to evaluate social policy."
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The private motivations of public action: women's associational lives and political activism in Brazil”. (with Simões, Reis, Biagioni, and Fialho). Advances in Gender Research, 13: 203-239, 2009.